Based on his research, Cooper suggests this rule of thumb: In other words, Grade 1 students should do a maximum of 10 minutes of homework per night, Grade 2 students, 20 minutes, and so on. Expecting academic students in Grade 12 to occasionally do two hours of homework in the evening—especially when they are studying for exams, completing a major mid-term project or wrapping up end-of-term assignments—is not unreasonable.
But insisting that they do two hours of homework every night is expecting a bit much. Research suggests that homework benefits high school students most in the following situations:. While the debate continues, one thing remains clear: For that reason, assigning students some homework can be beneficial. However, how much homework a child should do and how often are questions that can be answered only after taking into account the unique needs of the child and his or her learning style, goals and challenges.
The Case Against Homework: Da Capo Life Long. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Homework studies confuse grades and test scores with learning. Each is seriously flawed in its own way. In the second kind of study, course grades are used to determine whether homework made a difference. Any given assignment may well be given two different grades by two equally qualified teachers — and may even be given two different grades by a single teacher who reads it at two different times.
The final course grade, moreover, is based on a combination of these individual marks, along with other, even less well defined considerations. The same teacher who handed out the assignments then turns around and evaluates the students who completed them. The final grade a teacher chooses for a student will often be based at least partly on whether, and to what extent, that student did the homework.
Thus, to say that more homework is associated with better school performance as measured by grades is to provide no useful information about whether homework is intrinsically valuable. Yet grades are the basis for a good number of the studies that are cited to defend that very conclusion. The studies that use grades as the outcome measure, not surprisingly, tend to show a much stronger effect for homework than studies that use standardized test scores.
Cooper and his colleagues conducted a study in with both younger and older students from grades 2 through 12 , using both grades and standardized test scores to measure achievement. They also looked at how much homework was assigned by the teacher as well as at how much time students spent on their homework. Thus, there were eight separate results to be reported. The last, and most common, way of measuring achievement is to use standardized test scores.
They are, however, excellent indicators of two things. The first is affluence: Up to 90 percent of the difference in scores among schools, communities, or even states can be accounted for, statistically speaking, without knowing anything about what happened inside the classrooms. The second phenomenon that standardized tests measure is how skillful a particular group of students is at taking standardized tests — and, increasingly, how much class time has been given over to preparing them to do just that.
In my experience, teachers can almost always identify several students who do poorly on standardized tests even though, by more authentic and meaningful indicators, they are extremely talented thinkers. These anecdotal reports have been corroborated by research that finds a statistically significant positive relationship between a shallow or superficial approach to learning, on the one hand, and high scores on various standardized tests, on the other.
To that extent, students cannot really demonstrate what they know or what they can do with what they know. Multiple-choice tests are basically designed so that many kids who understand a given idea will be tricked into picking the wrong answer. Instead, its primary purpose is to artificially spread out the scores in order to facilitate ranking students against each other.
Moreover, the selection of questions for these tests is informed by this imperative to rank. Thus, items that a lot of students answer correctly or incorrectly are typically eliminated — regardless of whether the content is important — and replaced with questions that about half the kids will get right. This is done in order to make it easier to compare students to one another.
In the latter case, a high or rising average test score may actually be a reason to worry. Every hour that teachers spend preparing kids to succeed on standardized tests, even if that investment pays off, is an hour not spent helping kids to become critical, curious, creative thinkers.
The limitations of these tests are so numerous and so serious that studies showing an association between homework and higher scores are highly misleading. The fact that more meaningful outcomes are hard to quantify does not make test scores or grades any more valid, reliable, or useful as measures.
To use them anyway calls to mind the story of the man who looked for his lost keys near a streetlight one night not because that was where he dropped them but just because the light was better there. Even taken on its own terms, the research turns up some findings that must give pause to anyone who thinks homework is valuable.
Homework matters less the longer you look. The longer the duration of a homework study, the less of an effect the homework is shown to have. The studies finding the greatest effect were those that captured less of what goes on in the real world by virtue of being so brief.
Even where they do exist, positive effects are often quite small. The same was true of a large-scale high school study from the s. There is no evidence of any academic benefit from homework in elementary school. The absence of evidence supporting the value of homework before high school is generally acknowledged by experts in the field — even those who are far less critical of the research literature and less troubled by the negative effects of homework than I am.
But this remarkable fact is rarely communicated to the general public. In , Cooper summarized the available research with a sentence that ought to be e-mailed to every parent, teacher, and administrator in the country: It, too, found minuscule correlations between the amount of homework done by sixth graders, on the one hand, and their grades and test scores, on the other.
For third graders, the correlations were negative: He was kind enough to offer the citations, and I managed to track them down. The point was to see whether children who did math homework would perform better on a quiz taken immediately afterward that covered exactly the same content as the homework. The third study tested 64 fifth graders on social studies facts. All three of these experiments found exactly what you would expect: The kids who had drilled on the material — a process that happened to take place at home — did better on their respective class tests.
The final study, a dissertation project, involved teaching a lesson contained in a language arts textbook. It seems safe to say that these latest four studies offer no reason to revise the earlier summary statement that no meaningful evidence exists of an academic advantage for children in elementary school who do homework. The correlation only spikes at or above grade A large correlation is necessary, in other words, but not sufficient.
Indeed, I believe it would be a mistake to conclude that homework is a meaningful contributor to learning even in high school. Remember that Cooper and his colleagues found a positive effect only when they looked at how much homework high school students actually did as opposed to how much the teacher assigned and only when achievement was measured by the grades given to them by those same teachers.
All of the cautions, qualifications, and criticisms in this chapter, for that matter, are relevant to students of all ages. Students who take this test also answer a series of questions about themselves, sometimes including how much time they spend on homework.
If this trend continues and becomes an endemic, our life span could be drastically shortened by years. With all the factors being presented to you, how could you not agree that homework, at the very least, needs to be reduced in quantity. Education has changed into an old machine that leaves everyone stressed, obese, and missing their families by the end of our four years. Eliminating homework would help children and society in so many ways. Teens would be more active in the community, they would be happier and more inspired to do the things they love.
Perhaps finding a career would even be an easier decision. Overall, eliminating homework from students lives would make everything a lot easier, and a lot more mature for everyone. Aareon21 days ago. Xaidyn days ago. Bob Quintero days ago. Davis days ago. I think homework is a dick move made by teachers to waste students' time, school is where you should go to learn and when your at home or something, students deserve freetime and more rest, considering theres already a sleep problem going on with teenagers.
If students want to learn independently, I say give them, I dont know, 25 minutes in the period the unit starts to learn and study how the mathmatics work. In conclusion, I think homework is a peice of unfair bullshit and students should have a say or a choice on weather to do homework or not. Ginger jesus days ago. It is very sexist and they say a lot of "she".
Rosy more than 1 year ago. Daron Saylor days ago. I is a kool kid who dos hamwork. That why I is Good at me speaking. By way, I is 3. Booboo Dude 54 more than 1 year ago. Harambe's BBC more than 1 year ago. I need to make my topic as a responsibility but there is not that much information. Rosty more than 1 year ago. I don't want to put my name.
Dante more than 1 year ago. Hi more than 1 year ago. Beyond Scared Straight more than 1 year ago. Litty days ago. But this kinda helped me for it though Ryan more than 1 year ago.
Sarah more than 1 year ago. Bob more than 1 year ago. Bak0 more than 1 year ago. All of you haters, you're going to hate college even more. Please don't try to become a doctor or a lawyer or go into any sort of bachelor's program or higher. We still need janitors, housekeepers, fast-food workers, and pundits, so you'll do just fine.
As a parent, I will always request a teacher who gives homework over a teacher who doesn't. As a former educator, I know the signs of lazy teachers, and not expecting homework from students is one of those signs.
Educated more than 1 year ago. You can personally fight me, I go to nazareth area middle school. No Name days ago. You don't haved to yell at each other. I don't find do my homework and turning it in on time a positive thing at all!!!!!! Cameron Hinger more than 1 year ago. Honestly have you read any articles, or are you just guessing, you must be as there is not sources, the spelling and grammar errors in this article makes me wonder weather or not I should trust you with my child's education.
John Doe more than 1 year ago. JEFF more than 1 year ago. I'm not gonna trust someone about education when they say "it advantages. Sorry, I don't have time to do that. Hai more than 1 year ago.
Why Homework Helps For Tests why homework helps for tests nurse anesthetist admission essay Why Homework Helps For Tests doctoral dissertation funding opportunities narrative essay sports dayFind an online tutor and get the help you need. Private tutoring services available web design assignment help Why Homework .
Why Homework Helps For Tests. why homework helps for tests Heres a look at the best reasons why homework is good (and bad), especially for sciences like olimpiadageograficzna2015.ga it wasn’t because of that measly 10% of extra points helping them out, either — the test averages were often much higher than the homework average.
On the other hand, a study reporting a modest correlation between achievement test scores and the amount of math homework assigned also found that “repetitive exercises” of the type intended to help students practice skills actually “had detrimental effects on learning” (Trautwein et al., p. 41). essays about news Why Homework Helps For Tests cheap essay help online grad admissions essay.
Homework isn't fun for students to do or teachers to grade, so why do it? Here are the best reasons why homework is good, especially for sciences like chemistry. So, homework is good because it can boost your grades, help you learn the material, and prepare you for tests. It's not always beneficial. Here are the top 14 reasons why Homework is important: It improves your child’s thinking and memory; It helps your child develop positive study skills and habits that will serve him or her well throughout life.