Include any update or revision date if there is one and a date of citation in square brackets following the date of publication. When a location pagination for the article is not provided, as often occurs, calculate the length of the article using the best means possible, e. Capitalize surnames and enter spaces within surnames as they appear in the document cited on the assumption that the author approved the form used.
Convert given first names and middle names to initials, for a maximum of two initials following each surname. Specific Rules for Author Surnames with hyphens and other punctuation in them. Designations of rank in a family, such as Jr and III.
No author can be found. Options for author names. Box 1 Surnames with hyphens and other punctuation in them. Box 2 Other surname rules. Box 3 Given names containing punctuation, a prefix, a preposition, or particle.
Box 4 Degrees, titles, and honors before or after a personal name. Box 7 Organization as author. Box 8 No author can be found. Box 9 Options for author names. Examples for Author 1. Standard signed newspaper article. Newspaper article with author surname showing designations of rank within a family. Newspaper article with author surnames having particles or prefixes give as found in the article. Capitalize only the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms.
Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle, unless some other form of punctuation such as a question mark, period, or an exclamation point is already present. Follow non-English titles with a translation whenever possible; place the translation in square brackets. Specific Rules for Article Title Article titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or other special character.
Article titles with headers. Article titles not in English. Box 10 Article titles containing a Greek letter, chemical formula, or other special character. Box 11 Article titles with headers. Box 12 Article titles not in English. Box 13 Translated article titles ending in punctuation other than a period. Examples for Article Title 8. Newspaper article with subtitle. Newspaper article in a language other than English with optional translated title.
Do not omit or abbreviate any words in a newspaper title, with the exception of a leading "The" which may be dropped if desired. Add the location where published if it is not included in the title: See Location added below. End the newspaper title with a period unless an Edition or a Type of Medium is included. Box 14 Location added. Specific Rules for Newspaper Title Location added. Newspaper titles not in English. Options for newspaper titles.
Box 15 Newspaper titles not in English. Box 16 Options for newspaper titles. Examples for Newspaper Title Newspaper title with city of publication added for clarification. Edition for Newspaper Articles required General Rules for Edition Indicate the edition being cited after the title when a newspaper is published in more than one edition.
Capitalize each significant word and place other words, such as articles, conjunctions, and prepositions in lower case. Express numbers representing editions in arabic ordinals.
Abbreviate common words such as edition see Abbreviation rules for editions. End the edition statement with a period after the closing parenthesis unless the Type of Medium is included.
Box 17 Abbreviation rules for editions. Specific Rules for Edition Abbreviation rules for editions. Non-English words for editions. Both a location and an edition included. Box 18 Non-English words for editions. Box 19 Both a location and an edition included. Examples for Edition Newspaper title with an edition.
Type of Medium for Newspaper Articles required General Rules for Type of Medium Indicate the specific type of medium Internet, microfiche, ultrafiche, microfilm, microcard, etc. Place the name of the medium in square brackets and end with a period. Add information about the medium according to the instructions under Physical Description below.
If the medium is Internet, there is no physical description. Examples for Type of Medium Newspaper article in a microform. Date of Publication for Newspaper Articles required General Rules for Date of Publication Include the year, month, and day of publication in that order.
End date information with a semicolon unless no section letter, number, or name is found see No section letter, number, or name is found below. Exception is if using a volume and issue in place of a section see Optional volume and issue numbers used instead of section information below. Box 21 No section letter, number, or name is found. Box 24 Optional volume and issue numbers used instead of section information.
No section letter, number, or name is found. Options for date of publication. Box 20 Non-English names for months. Box 21a Options for date of publication. Examples for Date of Publication 3. Standard newspaper article with optional volume and issue numbers. Box 22 Section with a name instead of a letter or number. Box 23 No section letter, number, or name is found. Examples for Section Letter, Number, or Name 3.
Location Pagination for Newspaper Articles required General Rules for Location Pagination Pagination in a newspaper article differs from pagination in all other types of publications in that only the first page of the article is used.
Include a letter when it precedes the page number only when using the options provided in Letters before page numbers. Box 25 Letters before page numbers. Specific Rules for Location Pagination Letters before page numbers. Roman numerals used as page numbers. Box 26 Roman numerals used as page numbers.
Examples for Location Pagination 1. Newspaper article with optional inclusion of letter with page number omitting section. Examples for Column Number 1. Physical Description for Newspaper Articles optional General Rules for Physical Description Give information on the location of an article and its physical characteristics when the newspaper appears in a microform microfilm, microfiche, etc. Specific Rules for Physical Description Language for describing physical characteristics.
Box 27 Language for describing physical characteristics. Examples for Physical Description Examples for Language 9. Newspaper article in a language other than English. Notes for Newspaper Articles optional General Rules for Notes Notes is a collective term for any type of useful information given after the citation itself. Specific Rules for Notes Dateline. Other types of material to include in notes. Box 29 Other types of material to include in notes. Examples for Notes Newspaper article with a dateline.
Examples of Citations to Newspaper Articles 1. Standard signed newspaper article Gaul G. Standard unsigned newspaper article Major decline in U. Standard newspaper article with optional volume and issue numbers Taking steps back to normal after novel rabies therapy. Newspaper article with author surname showing designations of rank within a family Maugh TH 2nd.
Newspaper article with compound author surname Perez-Pena R. Therefore, newspaper reporters are trained to write in inverted pyramid style, with all the most important information in the first paragraph or two.
If the less vital details are pushed towards the end of the story, then the potentially destructive impact of draconian copy editing will be minimized. A headline is text above a newspaper article, indicating its topic.
The headline catches the attention of the reader and relates well to the topic. Modern headlines are typically written in an abbreviated style omitting many elements of a complete sentence and almost always including a non-copular verb.
A byline gives the name and often the position of the writer, along with the date. The lead sometimes spelled lede sentence captures the attention of the reader and sums up the focus of the story. The lead also establishes the subject, sets the tone and guides reader into the article.
In a news story, the introductory paragraph includes the most important facts and answers the questions: In a featured story, the author may choose to open in any number of ways, often using a narrative hook , possibly one of the following: For the news story, details and elaboration are evident in the body or running text of the news story and flow smoothly from the lead.
Quotes are used to add interest and support to the story. Most news stories are structured using what is called an inverted pyramid. The angle also called a hook or peg is usually the most newsworthy aspect of the story and is specifically highlighted and elaborated upon. A featured article will follow a format appropriate for its type. Structures for featured articles may include, but are not limited to: The conclusion will sum up the article, possibly including a final quote, a descriptive scene, a play on the title or lead, a summary statement, or the writer's opinion.
Make the conclusion attention-grabbing.
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Oct 10, · Newspaper articles may be signed either at the beginning of the article or at its conclusion. If the article is signed, begin the reference with the surname (family name or last name) of the author; if the article is unsigned, begin the reference with the title of the article; the use of "anonymous" is not permitted.
A news article discusses current or recent news of either general interest (i.e. daily newspapers) or of a specific topic (i.e. political or trade news magazines, club newsletters, or technology news websites). A news article can include accounts of eyewitnesses to the happening event. Aug 12, · in / on the newspaper. Discussion in 'Spanish-English Grammar / Gramática Español-Inglés' started by Donpayin, Aug 12,
How to find old newspaper articles online for free using either Google's News Archive Search or the Chronicling America website. Oct 20, · Four Parts: Sample Articles Planning Your Article Writing Your News Article Proofing Your Article Community Q&A Writing a news article is different from writing other articles or informative pieces because news articles present information in 86%(91).