Essentially, there are three basic forms of plagiarism, according to the Office of Research Integrity:. Additionally, plagiarism is a concept that seems to becoming more prevalent in today's society, particularly within the area of Higher Education in the western civilizations where a great deal of research has been competed and published.
In order to correctly both identify and define plagiarism, it is important to understand that there are different perceptions and opinions with respect to students and the "world" in which they live.
In a research document authored by Macdonald in , any resolution to this dilemma rests within the perceptions and opinions of the students. For example, during a study reported in the Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, there were twelve students involved in the study who then reported their own individual feelings about plagiarism. According to some authorities, much of the ideas concerning plagiarism, in fact, are learned early in life, when students have no choice but to use what others say to depict their own thoughts.
In the first set of students, each one experienced anxiety concerning the morality of stealing another person's work for individual gain; the second set of students reflected upon academic development as a movement towards a dependence upon more respected authors to help promote their own gain; and the third set of students were art majors and therefore, they had a self-reliant discipline when it pertains to using another person's art in the promotion of individual art. Plagiarism is evident in both journalistic work as well as academic work, and each has its own ramifications.
One such example although in the spoken word is when H. Joachim Maitre, dean of Boston University journalism school delivered a commencement address, using quotations from Michael Medved, a film critic, but without providing proper attribution as to the source of the material.
However, when plagiarism is found within the academic world, the ramifications can have more dangerous results, as noted in the following passage written in When plagiarism was first identified as a problem in society, it occurred only after the printing press and publications were developed.
The idea at that time was not to protect the author as it is today , but to restrict competition among the many publishers then located in or around London.
Cultural history, however, also had an important impact on the use of plagiarized materials. This cannot be more evident than when Haidu, in , made the important observation that plagiarism is more than merely copying another person's art or writing, it also eliminates the need for further development of ideas and perceptions among artists, writers and other similar professions. Pennycook, in , reported that this approach is similar to the western approach of plagiarism and therefore, although the art is clearly defined as usual in China, the western societies rely on their ability to interpret the material and formulate their own conclusions.
To define plagiarism clearly from a ownership perspective, anyone who commits plagiarism to any extent is robbing himself or herself of the ability to develop originality and use history as a guide , not only a map from which an academic piece can be derived.
However wrong plagiarism is, the problem that faces society today, particularly with the advent of the Internet, is that society does not appreciate each student's perception of what is and what is not plagiarism. For example, there are a number of ways to use historical data in an academic piece without also committing plagiarism.
When one summarizes a passage or an entire piece of work, he or she must be able to describe the ideas about the text in his or her own words while also providing the proper credit to the person who originally wrote about the specific topic. When developing an overview, the same can also hold true and the writer is expected to provide the proper citations and attribution to the person s who originally put the ideas on paper in the form or essay, term paper, research paper, book report, or dissertation.
Without the use of attribution, the writer is committing plagiarism even an idea and therefore he or she is also stealing intellectual data from a person who first developed the premise. Without the rules concerning plagiarism, anyone can state that he or she is the origin of the work, which, again, is stealing intellectual property. According to most sources, plagiarism is unethical; however, there is a thick line that divides writers, publishers and others should appropriately deal with the problems.
Without any doubt, however, the difference between plagiarisms in journalism is very different from the world of academics. In the world of academics, the writer is usually stealing another's bread and butter; in journalism, where plagiarism is often more convenient, the people soon forget and the damage control continues to modify the employees' education as needed.
Stealing from that is similar to stealing one's identity. For this reason, the Office of Research Integrity considers many such disputes to be authorship rather than plagiarism. This is when plagiarism is very similar to stealing: Writers in the Disciplines: A Reader for Writers. Writing in the Disciplines: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Plagiarism is considered as a serious offense because one gets credit of someone else's work without due acknowledgement of their work.
A serious concern is given to avoid plagiarism at academic level in order to ensure the fair practice among students. Plagiarism is considered as an unethical practice which gives undue advantage to the person doing it over others. Developing a research paper may seem like a daunting task, but the adventure can be very rewarding. Research papers are typically five to 15 pages in length and include a thesis statement, support, and references. The writer should use formal English as a research paper will be academic in voice.
This document will be formatted like an expanded essay. Headings should be used to introduce new ideas. The paper should also include an abstract. If the research paper is an assignment, the writer must carefully follow any directions given by the instructor. The topic chosen should be in keeping with the instructor's directions and with what the writer can reasonable take on.
The thesis statement, as with all thesis statements, should be precise and manageable. The paper's format should follow the instructor's protocol. The development of a research paper also includes the act of research for support. Research information can come from primary, library, and online research. Primary research sources include data from interviews, original documents, field observations, diaries, journals, and experiments. The writer can also conduct his or her own research survey or questionnaire and use the data collected for support.
Library research can include information from ground libraries or online library databases. These resources include books and scholarly articles, which can be significant sources of information. Peer-reviewed journals are an excellent source of valid research information. Reading the abstracts of books and articles is a fast way to garner if an article is worth reading for possible use.
Sample paper about plagiarism: defining what is plagiarism as intellectual property and what academic writers should do to avoid plagiarizing. Defining plagiarism, why it is unethical, and what should be done to help others from stealing intellectual property without proper attribution. including The Office of Research Integrity.
If the research paper is an assignment, the writer must carefully follow any directions given by the instructor. The topic chosen should be in keeping with the instructor's directions and with what the writer can reasonable take on.
This sample Plagiarism Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need help writing your assignment, please use our research paper writing service and buy a paper on any topic at affordable price. Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples. Plagiarism is a serious offense in academic research. Here are some tips on how to avoid plagiarism in research papers. Stay proactive and avoid any retraction chances!
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